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Vegetarian, vegan and flexitarian food
In recent years, we have witnessed a turning point in eating habits.
Whether inspired by the love of animals or the environment or merely driven by a desire to limit the dietary intake of bad fats, "veggie" and "flexi" diets are become more popular.
Perhaps your teenager has already told you that they want to eat less meat and that scares you a bit?
Let's take a closer look together:
What is a vegetarian diet?
Vegetarianism consists of not eating products derived from meat. Therefore, a vegetarian does not eat meat, fish, crustaceans, gelatine, or even cheese with rennet (the enzyme found in the lining of a calf’s stomach. It is used to coagulate milk to make certain cheeses). A vegetarian diet can easily be balanced because the animal-based sources of protein can be replaced by dairy products, eggs or even legumes, tofu, quorn, seitan, etc.
What is a vegan diet?
A vegan diet is more restrictive than a vegetarian diet. This method of eating avoids any products that come from animals. As well as not eating meat and fish, vegans do not eat dairy products, eggs or honey.
To balance the supply of proteins, vegans should opt for legumes, oleaginous fruits, tofu, quorn, seitan, certain vegetables and algae such as spirulina or chlorella. The latter is the only source of vitamin B12. Vegans are often deficient in this vitamin and are advised to take a vitamin B12 supplement.
For more information, please visit https://vegan-pratique.fr/
Being vegan, what does it mean?
Veganism is more than just a diet, it's a way of life. From a dietary point of view, a vegan lives their life in a similar way to a vegetarian. A vegan refuses to wear leather, wool or silk as a lifestyle choice. Moreover, they do not use cosmetics that contain animal substances or that are tested on animals.
Flexitarianism ... what a funny name!
Flexitarianism is a recent food trend which developed in the 1990s. It consists of being flexible in the practice of vegetarian diets. In other words, you allow yourself to eat meat from time to time, but not on a regular basis. Also, a flexitarian will opt for better quality meat that is more respectful of the environment and animal welfare.
In all cases, it is advisable not to start too restrictive a diet alone and to seek advice from a professional in nutrition.